Meeting of The Chinese Politburo

2016 | China

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Summary

This committee will simulate the daily workings of the Chinese Politburo.  As the 25-member political body wielding a major decision-making authority in China, the power of the Politburo is centralized in the Politburo Standing Committee, which essentially runs the country. The Central Committee of the Communist Party nominally elects the Politburo.  The power of the Politburo resides largely in the fact that its members simultaneously hold high-ranking state positions within the Chinese government while wielding control over significant personnel appointments. Additionally, some Politburo members hold powerful regional and municipal positions.

The committee itself will function on a one man, one vote system.  The President of China, who also serves as the 1st-ranked member of the Politburo Standing Committee and the leader of the Politburo will be – due to his prominent position – represented by the chair and technically absent from committee proceedings.  The President will be absent due to his many obligations as a head of state, including consecutive overseas state visits and other pressing obligations.  However, the President may make brief appearances throughout the committee session.

Since this is a meeting of a political body, the committee will be run in perpetual moderated caucus unless points or motions disrupt the flow of debate.  As would be expected by a political body, action will be taken in the form of shorter directives instead of longer resolutions.  Delegates should take note that portfolio powers may well be significant: the more research delegates perform with regards to their position, the more likely they will have access to advantages during committee.

Topics of Debate

1. Sustainable China: Solutions to the Slowing Economy and Addressing Pollution

China’s economy in the past two decades has greatly surpassed expectations – consistently hitting growth targets and leading to an era of unprecedented economic prosperity.  However, as this growth slows, China faces much uncertainty.  Furthermore, Chinese regulations and infrastructure have lagged far behind its rapid growth, leading to many challenges – most significantly, pollution.  Due to lax regulatory standards and disregard for the environment on the part of big business, pollution has become extremely severe, negatively affecting the day-to-day lives of most of China's urban population.  It is up to the Politburo to determine an appropriate policy response – while not contributing to the sense of economic uncertainty at hand.

2. Chinese Foreign Policy: Asserting Chinese Dominance in the Modern Age

As China becomes an increasingly powerful economic player, it may aim to revise its foreign policy stance.  Though it still emphasizes national sovereignty, China looks to become a global superpower; in order for this to occur, the Politburo must determine the appropriate course of action.

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