Front de Liberation Nationale (FLN)

1962 | ALGERIA

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Summary

On the 5th of July, 1962, the Democratic People's Republic of Algeria declared independence from France after over a century of colonization by the imperial power. This independence followed a decade long liberation war fought by the Algerian people in the quest for self-determination. This movement was characterized by extreme violence by both the French colonial powers and the Front de Libération Nationale (FLN), the principal Algerian nationalist party.

The committee will begin on the 1st of November, 1954, after the Toussaint Rouge massacre that marked the launch of the FLN's guerrilla war. Delegates will be faced with a range of issues spanning the tactics that the FLN will use to achieve their ends, organizational challenges, funding, weaponry, and ideology. Additionally, delegates must navigate the ethnic and religious divides that characterize the Algerian population, uniting the people in their independence movement. Finally, delegates must acknowledge the importance of Algeria in the context of the larger decolonization movement sprouting across the colonized world.

The climate in Algeria is ripe for a widespread independence movement; the people are no longer willing to live under oppression as second-class citizens in their own land. The success of this movement will depend entirely upon the decisions made by the committee over the course of the weekend. The fate of Algeria rests upon your shoulders. 

In the words of Franz Fanon, "When we revolt it’s not for a particular culture. We revolt simply because, for many reasons, we can no longer breathe.”

 

Topics of Debate

1. Internal Divides and Organizational Unity

2. Strategy and Tactics for Independence Movement

3. Funding and International Support

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