Meeting of Roman High Officials

52 BC | Rome

13499967_739581502811969_851050123_o.jpg

Summary

As the eve of Crassus’s death approached, Julius Caesar had been consolidating his power through military prowess. In 63 BCE he waselected Pontifex Maximus, and only three years later, he was elected to the Consul. He, Pompey, and Crassus composed the First Triumvirate, a partnership of Rome’s leading political figures; however, Crassus’ death in 53 BCE begets a dangerous power vacuum. This is where our committee begins. This committee will be tasked with navigating the growing chasm between the two remaining leaders. The ascendency of one over the other undoubtedly poses a threat to the Republic as they know it. The Republic has been in decline – the rich are becoming wealthier as a result of military successes, and a new practice of paying the army with gold and land has lead to the dissolution of allegiance to the Republic in favor of loyalty to the generals who bankroll them. Meanwhile, living conditions for the average citizen have been in decline. Embroiled in conflict, the Republic's officials will fight for self-preservation. The question remains whether self-interest or democracy will prevail.

topics of debate

1. Who will the Senate remain loyal to in the impending civil war?

2.What can the Senate do to prevent its own influence from being weakened by emerging dictatorial powers?

3. How will the Senate preserve democracy?

DOWNLOAD BACKGROUND GUIDE HERE